Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 271--277

The association between abdominal obesity and characteristics of migraine attacks in Iranian adults


Omid Sadeghi1, Gholamreza Askari3, Zahra Maghsoudi3, Reza Ghiasvand3, Fariborz Khorvash2 
1 Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran; Department of Community Nutrition, Food Security Research Center, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Neurology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Fariborz Khorvash
Neurology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan
Iran

Background: Migraine is a primary headache disorder that affects the neurovascular system. Recent studies have shown that migraine patients with general obesity have higher characteristics of migraine attacks compared with normal weight patients, but data on central obesity are scarce. This study was done to assess the relationship between central obesity and the characteristics of migraine attacks in migraine patients. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 129 migraine patients (28 men and 101 women), aged 15–67 years, in Isfahan, Iran. Anthropometric measurements such as waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist–hip ratio (WHR) and waist–height ratio (WHtR), as well as characteristics of migraine attacks such as severity, frequency, duration, and headache diary result (HDR) was determined for each participant. Linear regression was used to examine the association between anthropometric measurements and characteristics of migraine attacks. P value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: WC, WHR, and WHtR were positively associated with the severity (P-value: WC: 0.002, WHR: 0.002, WHtR: 0.001) and frequency (P-value: WC: 0.006, WHR: 0.01, WHtR: 0.002) of migraine attacks. Moreover, we found a significant association between WC (P = 0.001), WHR (P = 0.004), and WHtR (P < 0.001) with HDR. No significant relationship was observed between central obesity indicators and duration of migraine attacks. Conclusions: Central obesity indicators were positively associated with the severity and frequency of migraine attacks as well as HDR, but not with duration of attacks. Based on our findings, it can be concluded that weight loss may decrease the characteristics of migraine attacks.


How to cite this article:
Sadeghi O, Askari G, Maghsoudi Z, Ghiasvand R, Khorvash F. The association between abdominal obesity and characteristics of migraine attacks in Iranian adults.Iranian J Nursing Midwifery Res 2016;21:271-277


How to cite this URL:
Sadeghi O, Askari G, Maghsoudi Z, Ghiasvand R, Khorvash F. The association between abdominal obesity and characteristics of migraine attacks in Iranian adults. Iranian J Nursing Midwifery Res [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 May 17 ];21:271-277
Available from: https://www.ijnmrjournal.net/article.asp?issn=1735-9066;year=2016;volume=21;issue=3;spage=271;epage=277;aulast=Sadeghi;type=0