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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 252-257

The effect of peer group education on anxiety, stress, and depression in older adults living in nursing homes


1 Department of Research Center for Environmental Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
2 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran
3 Department of Critical Care Nursing, School of Nursing, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
4 Department of Anesthesia, School of Para Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom; Departments of School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kurosh Jodaki
Departments of Anesthesia, School of Para Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, PhD Candidate in Nursing, Departments of School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_40_20

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Background: The effects of peer education have been addressed in different populations, but this method of education has not been applied in the elderly population of Iran, and its effect has not been studied. The present study investigated the effects of peer group education on anxiety, stress, and depression of the older adults living in nursing homes. Materials and Methods: This research is a quasi-experimental study with an intervention and control group and it was conducted on 70 elderly citizens living in Qom nursing homes in July 2017. For the intervention group, a relaxation and stress reduction program was trained through the peer group. The control group received routine care. Data were collected using a Demographic information questionnaire and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21). Data were collected at the beginning, 10 and 30 days after the intervention. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 19, descriptive statistics, and repeated measure analysis of variance. Results: The results of the study showed no significant difference between any of the demographic variables at the beginning of the study (p > 0.05). The statistical test showed that the effects of time (p < 0.001) and group (p < 0.011) were significant on anxiety, stress, and depression. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that peer education could decrease anxiety, stress, and depression in the elderly. Therefore, this educational method can be used by nurses to promote various health education programs, e.g., to health promotion and prevent disease especially in the elderly community.


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