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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 113-119

Investigating the effect of family-centered self-care program based on home visits regarding dietary and medication regimen adherence of discharged patients with acute coronary syndrome


1 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mahrokh Keshvari
Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_105_19

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Background: Dietary and medication regimen adherence in patients with history of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is very important in preventing readmission and reducing the complications of the disease. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the family-centered self-care program based on home visits dietary and medication regimen adherence in patients with ACS discharged from Shahid Chamran Hospital during 2017-2018. Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 80 ACS patients. The samples by using the random numbers table, were randomly divided into control and experimental groups. The routine interventions were administered for the control group, and family-centered self-care was conducted on patients of the experiment group. In order to obtain the quantitative data of this study, three questionnaires were used including demographic characteristics, Morisky questionnaire, and dietary adherence. Results: The difference between the mean score of medication and diet regimen adherence in both groups before the intervention was not significant (p > 0.05). data was demonstrated that scores of medication and diet regimen adherence were significantly higher immediately and 6 weeks after the intervention; (f = 64.06, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Family-centered self-care program based on home visits can be used as an effective method to increase the dietary and medication regimen adherence in ACS patients.


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