Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 102--107

The effect of two methods of relaxation and prayer therapy on anxiety and hope in patients with coronary artery disease: A quasi-experimental study


Soudabeh Sadeghimoghaddam1, Mousa Alavi2, Tayebeh Mehrabi3, AmirHosein Bankpoor-fard4 
1 Student Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Quranic and Ahl Al-bayt Knowledge, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mousa Alavi
Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Iran

Background: Mental health problems such as anxiety and disappointment are common in patients with heart disease, resulting in poor outcomes. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two methods of relaxation and prayer therapy on anxiety and hope in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Materials and Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in three groups of 25 subjects (i.e., two groups of relaxation and prayer therapy and one control group) and two stages (i.e., pretest and posttest) in hospitals affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Data collection instrument consisted of three parts: (a) demographic and individual characteristics of the subjects, (b) Beck Anxiety Inventory, and (c) Snyder's Hope Scale. The interventions consisted of Benson's relaxation and prayer therapy. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between the mean score of anxiety after intervention in the three groups which was related to each of the relaxation and prayer therapy group with the control group. Also, the result of analysis of covariance with controlling the effect of pretest revealed significant between-subject effects of interventions on posttest scores of hope (F(2, 71) = 8.55, p = 0.012, ηp2 = 0.12) and anxiety (F(2, 71) = 4.71, p < 0.001, ηp2 = 0.19). Conclusions: Both relaxation and prayer therapy interventions are effective in promoting hope and reducing anxiety in patients with CAD and provide optimal, short-term, and easy-to-follow options for the health team.


How to cite this article:
Sadeghimoghaddam S, Alavi M, Mehrabi T, Bankpoor-fard A. The effect of two methods of relaxation and prayer therapy on anxiety and hope in patients with coronary artery disease: A quasi-experimental study.Iranian J Nursing Midwifery Res 2019;24:102-107


How to cite this URL:
Sadeghimoghaddam S, Alavi M, Mehrabi T, Bankpoor-fard A. The effect of two methods of relaxation and prayer therapy on anxiety and hope in patients with coronary artery disease: A quasi-experimental study. Iranian J Nursing Midwifery Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Aug 22 ];24:102-107
Available from: http://www.ijnmrjournal.net/article.asp?issn=1735-9066;year=2019;volume=24;issue=2;spage=102;epage=107;aulast=Sadeghimoghaddam;type=0