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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 341-347

Psychological experiences of adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome: A qualitative study


1 Nutrition Research Center, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Kazerun Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kazerun, Iran
3 Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mahnaz Noroozi
Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_276_19

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Background: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in the women of reproductive age. In addition to multiple physical problems, this syndrome has many psychological manifestations. Thus, the present research was conducted aimed at investigating the psychological experiences of the adolescent girls with PCOS. Materials and Methods: This research was conducted using the qualitative content analysis method. A total of 18 adolescent girls with PCOS and 15 healthcare providers were selected by the purposive sampling method. The data were collected through in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, and field notes, which were analyzed using the conventional content analysis method. Results: After analyzing, three main categories and seven subcategories were extracted. First, the psychological experiences related to the disease symptoms had three subcategories: “psychological experiences related to hirsutism, alopecia, and acne,” “psychological experiences related to obesity,” and “psychological experiences related to menstrual disorders.” Second, the psychological experiences related to disease complications had two subcategories: “psychological experiences related to infertility” and “psychological experiences related to disease progression.” Third, the psychological experiences related to treatment of the disease had two subcategories: “psychological experiences related to prolongation of the treatment and uncertain fate of the disease” and “psychological experiences related to the complications of the medical treatment.” Conclusions: Results of the study showed that adolescent girls with PCOS were exposed to multiple concerns endangering their psychological health. Therefore, it is recommended to provide adequate and appropriate information about the disease and its consequences, as well as psychosocial supports and regular assessment of psychological state by the team of healthcare providers in the adolescent girls with PCOS.


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