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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 220-226

Effect of nursing intervention integrating an Islamic praying program on labor pain and pain behaviors in primiparous Muslim women


1 Department of Maternity Nursing, Faculty of Science, University of Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Desmawati
Department of Maternity Nursing, Faculty of Science, University of Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_36_18

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Background: Labor pain has always been a priority issue for primiparous women. Pain behaviors appear as a response to labor pain. This study aimed at examining the effect of nursing interventions integrating an Islamic praying (NIIIP) program on labor pain and pain behavior. Materials and Methods: In this experimental design, 42 women in the control group received the usual care; 41 in the experimental group received the usual care and an NIIIP program from the 32nd week of pregnancy. This was done by providing childbirth education which they then practiced at home every day until they entered the labor room in the Bhinneka Bhakti Husada Hospital and Community Health Center Pamulang, Indonesia. They conducted 30 min of reciting from the Quran, stroking, positioning during their inter contractions, just breathing during contractions at the 1st, 2nd, 3rd h after cervical dilation of 3–4 cm. The visual analogue scale (VAS) and pain behaviors observation scale (PBOS) were used to measure pain and pain behaviors. Repeated measures of the ANOVA and t test were used to analyze the data. Results: There were significant differences in experience of labor pain ([F = 113.07, df (1, 81), p < 0.001] and pain behavior ([F = 147,49 df (1, 81), p < 0.001] between the control and experimental groups. There were significant statistical differences of over four times at the points of pain [F = 82.84, df (2, 182), p < 0.001] and pain behaviors [F = 165.55, df = (2, 189), p < 0.001]. Conclusions: The program effectively resulted in lower pain and increased pain behaviors.


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