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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 358-362

The effect of using communication boards on ease of communication and anxiety in mechanically ventilated conscious patients admitted to intensive care units


1 Department of Anesthetic and Operative Room, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Urmia University Of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, Education Developing Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran

Correspondence Address:
prof. Aram Feizi
Education Developing Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_68_17

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Background: Using mechanical ventilation devices has unique advantages for the patient; however, it can also cause various problems. This study aimed to determine the effect of using communication boards on the ease of communication and anxiety in mechanically ventilated conscious patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 30 conscious patients undergoing mechanical ventilation were enrolled using consecutive sampling method and assigned to experimental (n = 15) and control (n = 15) groups. The control group included patients receiving primary communication methods, whereas the experimental group included patients who used the communication board for communication. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Ease of Communication Scale (ECS) were completed for both groups. Data were analyzed using descriptive-inferential statistics. Results: Communication scores of the patients indicated that there was no significant difference between the control and experimental groups before the intervention (z = −1.77; p = 0.070). However, after the intervention, there was a significant difference in communication scores between the two groups (z = −4.69; p = 0.001). The anxiety scale scores showed a significant difference between the control and experimental groups after the intervention, and patients' anxiety had significantly decreased in the experimental group (z = −2.98; p = 0.003). Conclusions: The results showed that the use of the communication board is possible in mechanically ventilated conscious patients and may contribute to ease of communication and decrease patients' anxiety during mechanical ventilation.


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